When disaster strikes, you should have the skills you need to survive. Emergency survival skills include knowing how to make a fire, how to build a shelter, and where to find water. It’s also important to know how to carry basic medical supplies in your bag and how to apply bandages to wounds. Here are some of the most common emergency situations you may face and how you can prepare for them. Read on to discover more survival tips.
Making a fire
If you want to practice making a fire as an emergency survival skill, you should practice with different materials. You can even practice on damp or dry ground. Practice as much as possible until you feel confident enough to make a fire on your own. In addition, you should avoid using your hands to make a fire. If you are not sure of how to start a fire, practice by using a branch or a heel of your boot.
Start by gathering some small, easily combustible tinder. For small fuel, use the thickness of a pencil or finger. Larger fuel should be the size of a thigh or arm. Using matches isn’t a good idea when there is snow and ice around. Use green wood for larger fuel. You can also use a stick to start the fire. Once the tinder has burned, light the match. The ash will smother the fire and keep the rest of the wood from burning as efficiently.
A campfire is a magical thing, but it’s not exactly the most environmentally friendly way to travel. Depending on your travel plans, you may also want to consider the Leave-No-Trace principles before lighting a fire. For emergency fire-starting, though, it might not be your highest priority. Still, it’s best to keep this skill handy and ready to use. You never know when you’ll need it.
Before attempting to make a fire, you should gather some thin wood. Your first piece of kindling should be about the size of your pinky finger. A second layer of kindling should be as thin as your wrist. Then, you should prepare a fireboard. It should have a shallow depression or a V-shaped cut. Once you’ve collected all of the materials, you need to build heat. There are several ways to achieve this.
Building a shelter
The most basic way to make a shelter is to find a sturdy, long branch. It should be a few feet longer than the person you are sheltering. Prop it up on two short branches to create an A-shape, and cover it with leaves or twigs. If you have a tent-like structure in your backyard, you can attach a roof. Build a shelter that will last for several days, then use it for several.
Building a shelter is an excellent skill to have on hand, especially in the wilderness. It is a great way to stay dry and warm in case of an emergency. Build your shelter large enough to fit everyone comfortably, but not so big that they are invading your space. Also, make sure to use a bright object to mark the location. A survival shelter is an important tool, so don’t skimp on safety.
If you need to spend more time building the shelter, consider using natural materials such as branches. A shelter made from natural materials should be visible to rescue teams. To attract attention from search and rescue teams, use bright items to draw their attention. Bright objects can be tied to the shelter or left outside it. A brightly colored tree branch or branches can also be used as a shelter. It’s important to avoid shelters that are too close to natural hazards such as river or lake.
You can make a shelter out of a tarp by folding it into a teepee or triangular shape. Make sure to secure the tarp to a tree with cordage. If you don’t have a tree, use a single forked tree to make a Y-shaped base. If you can’t find any natural rock, attach a 6-inch long stick with dripsticks to avoid getting water into your tent.
Finding water as an emergency survival skill is essential for plants and animals to survive. Water is a vital component of food chains, and it is available in nearly any environment. Natural bodies of water are the easiest sources for clean water. Streams and rivers are best for this purpose, as they are usually flowing. Streams in higher elevations are best, but they should be far away from livestock. But if you cannot access natural bodies of water, you can prepare a portable water filter or purification tablet to treat the water. Water can also be contaminated by bacteria if it is stagnant.
A good way to find water is to observe animal tracks and insect swarms. Flocks of birds will fly toward water sources. You can also listen for the sound of rushing water. In a tropical region, it can be beneficial to watch for bird flight paths and insect swarms. When you can’t find any natural bodies of water, listen out for animal tracks and animal cries. Insects and animals will also be moving toward water sources.
Birds are also useful in finding water, but you should never drink it unless you’ve had some sort of filter. Untreated water could lead to serious illness. Rady’s Children’s Hospital reported that every 21 seconds a child dies from a water-related illness. Water-borne diseases account for about 3.4 million deaths each year. And while water is a necessary part of life, you shouldn’t risk it.
The easiest source of water is rain. Rainfall provides the most accessible, clean water that isn’t contaminated by pesticides. And since rains are unpredictable, rainwater is the simplest outdoor water source. And it is also the easiest to collect using containers. However, for a better source, boil the water. And don’t forget to collect rainwater as much as you can. Even animal tracks can be a good source of water.
Planning your bug out bag is an emergency survival skill. Often called a bug out bag, this is a container for essential items that are needed for short-term survival. Most bug out bags contain enough food, water, and rations to last at least 72 hours without any assistance. Bug out bags should be small enough to be carried easily on foot, but should also include enough gear for several days’ worth of hiking. The bag’s contents should be prioritized based on what you’ll need in an emergency. The rule of threes can help.
Be sure to keep essential gear separated from optional items. If you’re traveling with a group, don’t pack everyone’s gear in the same bag. Each person should carry his or her own survival gear, such as a cell phone, flashlight, and extra batteries. Another essential item is duct tape. This type of tape can also be used to repair broken windows or duct leaks in a building.
You should also prepare a first aid kit. This kit should include basic tools and materials to treat minor injuries. When preparing for an emergency, it’s important to pack water in small amounts. Even a small glass of water can go a long way. Make sure your bag is stocked with plenty of water. If you’re going on a trip, pack a survival bag. And don’t forget to pack some non-perishable foods.
Staying in contact in an emergency
There are a few important details to include in your emergency contact list. First of all, be sure your contact is always available during the procedure. For example, if you are in the process of applying for a job, or you are preparing to participate in a sporting activity, it is important that your emergency contact is available during the procedures. If you cannot be at that location, then you will want your contact to be able to call you, so have the number of a family member or friend handy.
Second of all, choose a trusted emergency contact. A trusted family member or friend can be a lifesaver if they know the area well and can call 911. Also, it is a good idea to share your contact information with trusted neighbors or anyone else who may need it. Remember that everyone, including your children, can become your emergency contact, so be considerate and share your contact information with all of them.
The third aspect of an emergency contact is availability. Choose a person who can respond quickly. They must also be dependable and reliable. Ideally, they should not disappear for days in a row. The most important aspect of an emergency contact is that they must be able to communicate confidentially with you. If you feel embarrassed about your health, avoid having your emergency contact become your next of kin. This way, your next-of-kin can make important decisions for you and will not have to be embarrassed or ashamed.
Once you’ve identified your emergency contact, make sure you designate an out-of-town person who you can contact. This person should be able to communicate with you by phone, e-mail, text message, or even email. The person should be able to call you even if the lines are busy. Another important detail is to make sure you have the correct email address for your emergency contacts. If you have a pet, be sure to prepare extra food, water, and other medical supplies.